Moore’s transparency a benefit for voters

Letters to the Editor: Aug. 31, 2016

Re: Aug. 25 commentary, “Despite advantage for Dem, race for Travis County DA not a coronation.”

In politics, transparency is a virtue. I am pleased Margaret Moore has been transparent with the public about who she will include in her administration if she is elected.

All too often, a politician can rest on their laurels without discussing policy. Moore could have ridden to a comfortable victory in November without revealing how she would run the DA’s office. Instead, she gave us a window into her plans.

The article chastises Moore for being transparent, saying the election is not a “coronation.” It then questions the diversity in her hiring choices. The latter concern is legitimate — but ironically, if Moore had not been transparent, this newspaper could not have raised that concern until after the election.

Moore’s candor can only benefit the voters of Travis County by better informing them. I would encourage all the local candidates to follow her lead.


Commentary: Against “Fair-chance hiring?” Don’t be fooled

By Jacqueline Conn and Brian McGiverin – Special to the American-Statesman

Imagine a place where crime control policies make neighborhoods safer and allow communities to heal instead of exacerbating the very conditions that lead to crime in the first place. Texas’ carceral state makes us less safe because it has burdened 1 out of 3 Texas residents with a criminal history, creating and maintaining an underclass. This is part of the “New Jim Crow.” But on April 3, Austin became the first city in the South to bring the dream of a better future closer to reality by adopting a reform known as Fair Chance Hiring.

Austin’s Fair Chance is similar to policies adopted in over 100 cities and counties and 21 states. Fair Chance helps restore civil rights to the astoundingly large number of women and men affected by our country’s love affair with mass incarceration. It acknowledges their families and loved ones who depend on them for economic security and gives them the opportunity to provide that security.

We love the idea of Fair Chance because it works. Employment is one of the strongest predictors of desistance from crime. But finding a job is difficult for anyone with an arrest or conviction record and exacerbates the challenges for people who already face discrimination. Fair Chance is linked to improved public safety by reducing crime as much as 57 percent for people with a record.

Fair Chance isn’t just morally right; it is also good for business. Fair Chance promotes increased tax contributions, while reducing the number of people who rely on public assistance due to unemployment. Fair Chance policies increase applicant pools, connect employers with valuable workers and raise the output of goods and services by people with criminal records by as much as $65 billion each year nationally.

We live in the most economically segregated city in the country, with few options for people of color to leave poverty and spikes in homelessness due partly to the collateral consequences of Texas’ crime control policies. Imagine what the future will hold, and how communities and the people within may heal now that there is a path for people to leave second-class status.

The vision for our future is threatened by some who dislike the reality of antidiscrimination. The loudest dissent comes from Texas Public Policy Foundation, a right-wing group funded by conservative interest groups seeking to extinguish progress before it ignites hope.

Their criticism that Fair Chance will “exchange the New Jim Crow for the Old Jim Crow” is illogical and fails to tackle the problem. Racial discrimination will not disappear by ignoring it. Based on current trends, 1 in 3 black men will serve time in their lifetimes — and even more will have a record. Rather than fearing that employers may respond to reduced access to conviction records with racial discrimination, we must educate employers of the law as well as existing antidiscrimination laws. This is an opportunity for business and government to work together for the good of the community.

As is typical of moments in history, meaningful change is being told its intent is noble but its goals are off. This is the argument used throughout history against civil rights. In spite of our tremendous victory, conservative groups will likely take this fight to the state, as has been the case throughout history. Yet, in a state that has oppressed people of color for centuries, we must ask ourselves: How much space in this conversation do we allow the privileged few — the few who argue against working to end a racial caste system — in our own communities?

La lucha sigue. The struggle continues.

Conn is chairwomen for Second Chance Democrats. Brian McGiverin is an attorney with Dietz, Lawrence & McGiverin Law Center.

Austin passes Fair Chance Hiring ordinance

DLM’s Brian McGiverin joined with members of the Second Chance Democrats of Austin and other advocates at the Austin City Council on March 24, and they succeeded in encouraging the Council to pass the “Fair Chance Hiring” ordinance described in previous coverage linked from this blog.

The events from that evening were described in on the well known “Grits for Breakfast” blog, which are copied below.

Austin passes Fair Chance Hiring ordinance

FRIDAY, MARCH 25, 2016  Grits for Breakfast

 Last night, the Austin City Council passed a Fair Chance Hiring ordinance, becoming the first city in the South to require employers to wait until a conditional offer of employment has been made to inquire about an applicant’s criminal history. While similar “Ban the Box” initiatives have gained traction across the country, the Austin ordinance goes further than most fair chance laws in that it applies to private employers, delays the criminal history question until the point of conditional offer, and includes a civil penalty of up to $500.

According to Grassroots Leadership, which helped lead efforts to pass the ordinance, more than one in three Texans has a criminal record, and 2200 people return to the Austin area each year from prison. Even though employment stability is one of the top factors in preventing recidivism, 60-75% of people released from prison cannot find work within a year of their release. And the effects of incarceration disproportionately impact people of color: African Americans make up nearly 35% of people incarcerated in Texas prisons, while they represent only 12.5% of Texas’ overall population. With Austin’s unemployment rate exceptionally low and employers in need of applicants, it also makes sense for Austin to pass measures that would help increase the labor pool.

At last night’s hearing, the City Council heard public testimony from many formerly incarcerated individuals who spoke about the difficulty of obtaining gainful employment, the shame and stigma that comes with having a criminal record, and how their families have been impacted by their incarceration. Susannah Bannon, a Ph.D. student at the University of Texas at Austin, stated that her retired parents should not have to “worry about whether or not their 35-year old daughter who is halfway through her doctoral degree can pay her rent,” and asked if “someone who comes from this much privilege and has this much support … cannot make it in Austin, how can someone who is less fortunate do it?” Jorge Renaud, an organizer with Texas Advocates for Justice, slammed the “privileged few” opposing the ordinance, who he said were trying to persuade the Council “to continue a policy that has resulted in families, communities and entire neighborhoods on the east side and south side of Austin, impoverished and destitute and unable to climb out of poverty.”

Attorney Brian McGiverin, who also testified in support of the ordinance, placed the measure in the context of the Civil Rights Movement. He began his testimony with a quotation from a letter written on behalf of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce in 1963 regarding legislation that would become a piece of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. The excerpt resembled statements that have been made in opposition to the Austin ordinance: “The problem involves so many considerations that any bill comprehensive enough to cover them all would in all probability do more harm than good. The better approach to the problem is a combination of voluntary efforts and increased education to ensure better understanding of the need.” McGiverin argued that the “gameplan for gutting civil rights legislation really hasn’t changed that much in the past 50 years” and urged the Council not to be persuaded by the same “tired” arguments that have been used in the past to try to defeat antidiscrimination laws.

Opponents to the ordinance were mostly from the business community and included the Austin Chamber of Commerce, the Texas Credit Union Association, and the Texas Public Policy Foundation. A representative with the Texas Credit Union Association stated that the ordinance “imposes unnecessary costs and burdens on business and imposes particular risks on financial institutions,” referring to potential conflict with federal laws that prohibit financial institutions from employing people with certain criminal histories. However, Council Member Kitchen pointed out that the ordinance expressly did not apply where state or federal law disqualifies a person with a criminal history from holding certain jobs. Temporary staffing firms also voiced concerns that the ordinance would interfere with their particular business model, where applicants apply to the staffing firm for employment but are ultimately sent to outside employers which have their own hiring requirements. In response to those concerns an amendment was adopted that would allow the firms to conduct background checks either upon conditional offer of outside employment, or upon an applicant’s entry into a hiring pool.

Prior to the vote, Council Member Renteria spoke in support of the measure, and – like many of the advocates who testified in support – invoked his personal experience.  He described his brother’s involvement in the criminal justice system and the effects of his brother’s criminal record on work opportunities. His brother, who spent most of his childhood and young adult life incarcerated – first in the Waco State School from age 8 and later in TDCJ until age 32 – is now 68 years old, has never earned more than $10 an hour and has never had health benefits. Council Member Renteria stated that, when his brother was incarcerated, “society at that time really didn’t care about low-income minorities,” and implored his fellow council members to “show our compassion.”

The ordinance was sponsored by Council Member Greg Casar and in the end was opposed by only two Council members. In a moment when communities across the country are looking for ways to improve outcomes for formerly incarcerated people, the ordinance is one of the more progressive efforts we’ve seen and sets an important precedent.

For my part, it was fascinating and inspiring to see a grassroots effort, led by people directly affected by the policy, defeat entrenched and well-funded interests to effect immediate and impactful change. Congratulations to Council Member Greg Casar and the organizers and advocates who have spent the better part of the past year working to get the ordinance passed.

Video from last night’s hearing can be found here.

State ramps up inquiry into Dove Springs mortgage complaints

DLM Attorney Brian McGiverin comments in this article on the ongoing investigation into ongoing Dove Springs mortgage complaints.

State ramps up inquiry into Dove Springs mortgage complaints

Section 8 Renters File Suit

Section 8 Renters File Suit

Allege illegal discrimination at Fairway Apt. Complex


Eight tenants of Fairway Village Apart­ments are suing property owners Sage Apart­ment Communities Inc. and their subsidiary Fairway Village Apartments LLC for unlawful mistreatment and negligence. The complex is a project-based Section 8 property, meaning it receives money from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development to offer reduced rental rates to low-income families. Tina Greene, one of the plaintiffs, said that with no affordable housing alternatives nearby, the tenants had no other choice but to seek justice from the courts. “I think this lawsuit will show them that we are going to fight for our rights,” she said.

Section 8 Renters File Suit

The owners began major construction on the property in March 2015 to improve the complex’s outdated plumbing system. Residents say they were offered two options to compensate them for the inconvenience: a $2,400 stipend or a temporary stay at a nearby hotel. Some, however, claim that they never received the stipend after requesting it. Southwest Housing Com­pli­ance Corporation – the nonprofit subsidiary of the city’s Housing Authority which serves as contract administrator for Section 8 projects – investigated the complaint, along with 10 other complaints made against Fairway Village last year, but determined the property management to be in compliance in every case. Greene feels that she and the others who complained have since faced retaliation from property management. “They’ve singled out those of us who put up a fight,” she said.

Unable to relocate, some families found themselves stuck in a construction zone. Tenants, some elderly or disabled, say they have had to deal with constant noise and random holes surrounding their residence. Greene’s mother, Rosemary Martinez, who uses a walker to get around, fell into one of the holes last year. “My leg was bruised and swollen,” she said.

In coordination with the ongoing construction, residents say, the property managers have routinely shut off water and electricity to residents, often without warning. These withholdings, said the plaintiffs’ attorney Brian McGiverin, constitute illegal discrimination against renters who are disabled, because it has a disproportionate effect on their health and well-being. In addition, the plaintiffs allege that property owners have deferred important repairs, including plumbing and heating maintenance. Some tenants have also spotted rats and cockroaches since construction started. “There’s no reason why we should be living like this,” Martinez said. “This isn’t some poor country, this is the United States! This is the capital of Texas!”

Fairway Village was one of the sites hit by the Halloween floods last year, and the residents claim that it was made even worse by construction workers failing to remove debris from the storm drain in the parking lot. As a result, many of the tenants’ vehicles were damaged. Marisol Gauna, a Fair­way tenant of six years, said that a representative from Sage Apartment Com­mun­ities Inc. had visited residents after the flooding and told them that they would be reimbursed for repairs. Weeks later, they received a letter from the apartment office stating that there would be no reimbursements. Gauna, who paid out of pocket to repair her car, said that she felt slighted by property management. “One of the maintenance men told me that I should have been paying closer attention to the weather,” she said.

In January of this year, the property owners threatened some tenants with eviction unless they paid thousands of dollars. According to McGiverin, considering that most Fairway Village renters pay around $200 each month, these excessive totals could only be arrived at by including late fees, which would contradict the terms of their lease, or by including unpaid rent from more than two years before, which is beyond the statute of limitations. Martinez, who has lived on the property for almost seven years, said that these threats were nothing new. “Almost every year there’s a new manager,” she said, “and every year they try this.”

The plaintiffs are grateful that their testimony is finally being recognized. “We tried so hard,” Martinez said, “to get somebody to pay attention to what we’re going through, and nobody ever listened, until Brian started working with us.” McGiverin said that the property owners have been able to shirk their legal obligations partly due to the city Code Enforcement Department‘s failure to follow up with the tenants’ complaints. “It’s a matter of priority,” he said. “The Depart­ment focuses on inspecting higher-value properties Downtown or elsewhere rather than investigating claims made by people living in poverty.”

At press time, Sage Apartment Com­mun­ities Inc. had not responded to the Chronicle‘s request for comment.

Acevedo smart to stand with activists

Letters to the editor: Feb. 26, 2016

Re: Feb. 17 article, “Austin police union leader blasts Acevedo’s appearance with activists.”

Ken Casaday’s criticism of Police Chief Art Acevedo for standing with Black Lives Matter activists, and his urging to move criticism of police to “behind closed doors,” was really urging the Austin Police Department to take a step backward to the Paleolithic era of policing.

The Department of Justice investigated the Austin Police Department from 2007 to 2011. Early in its investigation, it praised Acevedo for “dramatically increasing community relations.” In the DOJ’s more recent review of Ferguson, Miss., it said Ferguson Police Department’s failure to engage the community increased the likelihood of discriminatory policing. In short, isolation begets polarization, because a police department that is not meaningfully engaged with the community develops an “us versus them” mentality.

Acevedo was smart to appear with the Black Lives Matter activists. He needs to build trust to maintain productive engagement with the community; community engagement is an essential ingredient for us to avoid future tragedies. If Casaday wants to weigh in, he should look for a seat at the table, not try to kick the table over.


Suit against APD alleges excessive use of force, racial discrimination in jaywalking arrest


Tuesday, February 16, 2016 by KUT News

Suit against APD alleges excessive use of force, racial discrimination in jaywalking arrest

From KUT: A local law firm is suing Austin police officers involved in an incident on Sixth Street downtown early in the morning of Nov. 6, 2015. The lawsuit (embedded below) claims that officers used excessive force and singled out African-Americans in arresting people for the misdemeanor offense of jaywalking.

A video of the incident gained national attention and hundreds of thousands of YouTube plays. The following version of that video was posted to YouTube by a group called PINAC, which stands for Photography Is Not a Crime, a couple of days after the arrests.

Note: The video below contains profanity and the use of physical force.

One of the two plaintiffs, Lourdes Glen, is a Hispanic woman who was arrested after questioning what police were doing. She can be seen being handcuffed about halfway through the video.

Austin attorney Brian McGiverin is representing Glen and the other plaintiff, Jeremy King, one of the two men arrested for “crossing against the light,” which is the reason stated for the arrest at one point by one officer in the video.

“What happened here was outrageous,” McGiverin said at a press event Monday afternoon. “It was unreasonable, it was racist and it was unconstitutional. The people of Austin, and tourists visiting Austin, and really everyone here deserves better; we deserve a police department that is going to abide by the restrictions of the Constitution.”

Both plaintiffs, who live in Bexar County and were visiting Austin when the incident occurred, spoke at the press conference Monday. King can be seen in the video being handcuffed by officers and lying on the ground with an officer’s knee on top of his neck area. King said he felt that he was discriminated against by the officers because of his race. He says that’s because friends of his who are not African-American but were also jaywalking were not arrested for the misdemeanor that night.

McGiverin was asked why it took so long to file the suit, given that the incident took place in November. King jumped in to respond, saying he’d spoken to several other lawyers who would not take the case because “there wasn’t enough injury.” The suit filed Monday with the U.S. District Court says King suffered a cervical strain, wrist sprain, contusions and abrasions due to the force used by the Austin Police Department.

The lawsuit seeks compensatory and punitive damages, along with legal costs. The suit also requests a jury trial.

McGiverin said they hope to “raise awareness about the reality of how police officers are conducting themselves.”

APD said after the arrests that the incident was being reviewed. KUT’s request for the findings of that review is still pending.

Photo by Jorge Sanhueza-Lyon for KUT News. Plaintiff Jeremy King (center) speaks Monday at a press conference called by his attorney Brian McGiverin (right). King’s mother, Nevetta King (left), sat with her son.

Two in jaywalking arrest caught on video sue Austin police

Two in jaywalking arrest caught on video sue Austin police

Both King, 22, and Glen, 24, were arrested and cited after crossing Sixth Street at Red River Street against a “do not walk” sign. Another person in the group, Matthew Wallace, was charged with resisting arrest in the incident.

The video depicts six officers arresting King and Wallace while Glen yells at the officers to stop. As three officers take Wallace to the ground and place him in handcuffs, they can be seen punching the 23-year-old African-American, placing him in a headlock and striking him with their knees.

King is then seen being taken to the ground in the street, which caused him to have whiplash and mental trauma, the lawsuit says. Later, Glen is arrested after yelling questions to the officers.

The two who have sued were part of a group of five friends who were visiting from San Antonio to attend Fun Fun Fun Fest. They were on their way to be picked up by an Uber vehicle when the encounter with Austin police occurred.

Their attorney, Brian McGiverin, said the officers acted in a racist manner because they initially detained the only two African-Americans in the group. Glen is Latino, and the other two people in their group were white.

“It is unusual to see such a stark example of racism like that, but I don’t think (racism) is unique in these misconduct cases,” McGiverin said.

The officers named as defendants in the suit are Richard Muñoz, Brian Huckaby, Gustave Gallenkamp and Vanessa Jimenez.

McGiverin, who said he usually discourages people from suing a police department while a criminal charge involving possible jail time is pending, advised Wallace not to be part of the lawsuit. Wallace could face up to 180 days in jail if convicted on the resisting arrest charge.

King’s jaywalking charge was dismissed, and Glen’s is still pending. The worst she could face is a $200 fine, McGiverin said.

The city of Austin’s public information office provided the following statement on Tuesday:

“The City is aware of the lawsuit and is prepared to defend the Police Department,” the statement said.

Austin police officers often have been seen on video using force against people near Sixth Street. Records show police apply force in the area far more often than in any other part of the city.

Federal Lawsuit Claims Excessive Force by Austin Police

Federal Lawsuit Claims Excessive Force by Austin Police

By , Texas Tribune, Feb. 15, 2016

One week after an Austin police officer shot and killed an unarmed, black 17-year-old, two San Antonio tourists filed a federal lawsuit against several Austin Police Department officers, claiming the officers used excessive force when arresting them in November.

In last fall’s much-publicized incident, Austin police officers arrested Jeremy King, 22, and Lourdes Glen, 24, alleging they had jaywalked on Austin’s 6th Street. Video taken of the arrest shows several officers forcing King and another friend — Matthew Wallace, 23 — to the ground. King and Wallace are black. Glen is Hispanic.

The suit names Austin police officers Richard Munoz, Brian Huckaby, Gustave Gallenkamp, Vanessa Jiminez and other “unknown officers.”

At one point in the video, an officer appears to punch Wallace repeatedly, though Wallace is already being held on the ground by three officers.

“I’m down, I’m down, bro,” Wallace says on the video, which went viral online. “I’m down, I’m down. What did I do?”

The lawsuit filed Monday by Austin attorney Brian McGiverin includes allegations of excessive force and violations of the Equal Protection Clause of the U.S. Constitution. McGiverin, who is representing King and Glen — but not Wallace — said he advised Wallace not to join the lawsuit because Wallace had been charged with resisting arrest, a more difficult charge to fight.

“What happened here is outrageous. It was unreasonable, it was racist, and it was unconstitutional,” McGiverin said Monday. “We deserve a police department that is going to abide by the restrictions of the Constitution.”

Representatives for the Austin Police Department did not return requests for comment. Shortly after the incident, the department said it was reviewing the events captured in the video.

After the arrest, King, who was not ultimately charged with a crime, went to the hospital, where he was diagnosed with multiple sprained muscles in addition to cuts and bruises, according to the lawsuit. He and Glen are suing for damages, but he said what they really want to see is departmental change.

“In that moment, when it happened … my fear was that my life was in danger, honestly,” King said. “I felt powerless, I felt weak, and that’s not my normal nature.”

The incident is part of a larger trend of police brutality toward black and Hispanic young people, McGiverin said, and he wants the officers involved to face consequences. He pointed out that multiple white jaywalkers in the video were not arrested or confronted by officers.

The goal is to “make sure that they and the department know that they’ll be held accountable when this happens,” he said. “This falls into a larger pattern of practice we’re seeing from the Austin Police Department. It’s just not often publicized because these events aren’t usually caught on video.”

Last week, Officer Geoffrey Freeman killed 17-year-old David Joseph, who was naked and unarmed at the time. Mayor Steve Adler has called for an expedited investigation into the death, which sparked protests in Austin.

Lakeview Residents Contemplate Suit

DLM Attorney Brian McGiverin comments in this article on the controversy at Lakeview Aparments, saying it is part of Austin’s larger system of economic segregation and gentrification.

McGiverin is quoted saying that “[w]ithout actively integrating affordable housing into high-opportunity areas …’Austin will become another city where most people cannot afford to live.'”

Lakeview Residents Contemplate Suit

Allege intimidation by property managers

Robin Wilkins (l) and her son Zeferino Barron

Cypress Real Estate Advisors could be facing a lawsuit from tenants who were displaced from Lakeview Apartments, a complex the company demolished last fall before selling the property to software megafirm Oracle. Brian McGiverin, one of the attorneys representing former residents, said it will take time to collect information from the roughly 200 individuals affected by the closure, but that “the odds of litigation are very good.”

Robert Doggett with Texas RioGrande Legal Aid, also representing the former residents, believes that Cypress is guilty of wrongdoing. Based on his clients’ testimonies, he thinks the landlord and property managers, JBlue Real Estate Services, were following direction from Cypress when they allegedly intimidated residents. “They were playing an emotional game with these people,” he said.

Joey Carmona, who had lived at the apartment complex for over seven years, acted as an unofficial spokesperson for the Spanish-speaking residents. After the mid-June announcement that residents would be required to vacate by the end of September, relations between the landlord’s office and renters deteriorated, Carmona said. “We were trying to figure out what to do, how to survive, but they made it very complicated.”

According to Carmona, letters from the landlord felt more like harassment than courtesy, and residents generally felt mistreated by office staff. Like many others, he had not anticipated having to move and was forced to ask his brother for money. “My dogs were my main concern,” Carmona said. At Lakeview, his dachshund and three Chihuahuas had enjoyed access to a yard where they could play, but his new residence does not offer the same amenities. “I don’t intend to stay here,” he said.

Robin Wilkins, a resident of Lakeview for five years, said her new apartment costs twice as much as her apartment did at Lakeview, and she expects another move in the not-too-distant future. Her family has lived in South Austin since 1984, but as affordable housing continues to vanish, she believes she may have to leave the area. “I know I’m not going to be able to continue living here,” she said. “I feel like I’m being shoved out of my home.”

The unplanned move has affected Wil­kins’ son’s education. He had attended Metz Elementary since kindergarten but was transferred to Allison Elementary after the family relocated. His grades have dropped since then, and Wilkins has started taking him to weekend classes in an effort to bring them back up. “A child has to have stability in their lives to succeed, just like any of us,” she said.

In an email to the Chronicle, Cypress representative Steve Clark wrote that previous coverage concerning the move-out has been unfair. “We have found that some parties have consistently and we believe intentionally misrepresented material facts to the press and to public officials. There have clearly been a significant number of intentionally inaccurate claims.”

Clark believes that Cypress provided enough time for families to make the necessary arrangements for their children’s education. “We announced our intentions in the summer,” he wrote, “as soon as we made the decision, in order to accommodate the beginning of the school year.”

Sandy Torres had lived at Lakeview for about a year before receiving notice that she had to leave within a few months. “It was the only place I could afford,” she said. As the deadline for the move-out approached, her interactions with the landlord’s office added to the stress of preparing to leave, Torres said. A week before moving out, the toilet in her apartment stopped working, so she called the office to have it repaired. She was informed that the maintenance service was no longer available to tenants, but that she was free to use the restroom in the office at her convenience. After asking what she was supposed to do when the office was closed over the weekend, she was told, “That’s up to you.”

Clark disputes the claim that repairs were unavailable. “The landlord instructed JBlue to continue standard maintenance of the property while occupied,” he wrote. “JBlue has confirmed that the on-site staff understood this policy and continued maintenance operations. Further, our records show significant continuing maintenance expenses prior to completion of the vacating of the property.”

After the closure had been announced, a security guard from the office began patrolling the grounds of the complex, according to Torres. On more than one occasion, she said, he stood in front of her window and peered inside. “He was stalking me,” she says. After she notified TRLA about the invasion of privacy, the guard disappeared. “I hope nobody else has to go through what I experienced there,” Torres said.

Despite the hardships they’ve endured, the former Lakeview residents are grateful to TRLA for helping them find new places to live and representing them in their dispute with Cypress. “I don’t have a lot of family, and I don’t know a lot of people here,” Torres said. “They helped me a lot.”

Carmona believes that with TRLA’s help, the displaced residents may see some reparations for the costs of the move. “None of us are giving up,” he said.

Recently, Wilkins participated in a meeting with representatives from the city’s Housing Authority and Code Department. “I felt like my voice was being heard,” she said.

Council Member Pio Renteria believes that the City Council is making progress in creating more affordable housing, but that unfortunately there was little it could do immediately to help the former Lakeview residents. “It’s a very slow process,” he said.

The city’s plans to expand tenants’ rights and affordable housing do not address the underlying causes of renter relocation, says McGiverin. “Historically,” he said, “the city has mostly focused on funding new affordable housing without concern for where it was placed.” Without actively integrating affordable housing into high-opportunity areas, McGiverin believes that “Austin will become another city where most people cannot afford to live.”